Curricular Unit:Code:
Nutrition and Sports845NDES
Year:Level:Course:Credits:
3UndergraduateNutrition Sciences5 ects
Learning Period:Language of Instruction:Total Hours:
Spring SemesterPortuguese/English65
Learning Outcomes of the Curricular Unit:
In accordance with the Dublin descriptors and competences from A to H of the nutritionist’s profile of competences (Ordem dos Nutricionistas – Nutritionists’ Order, 2016), the student should be able to:
- understand the biological and nutritional basis of sport.
- evaluate specific nutritional needs of each athlete and in accordance with the competitive demands.
- understand the importance of hydration and the proper use of ergogenic supplements.
- elaborate a food planning, according to the calendar of competitive athletes, in terms of individual and team sports.
Syllabus:
1. Peculiarities of biological and nutritional athletes
1.1. Physiology and biochemistry of exercise
1.2. Nutritional needs during sports
1.3. Current situation and future prospects
1.4. New conception of power adapted to different sports
2. Food / nutrition care in different types of sport for:
2.1. training period
2.2. competitive and pre-competitive season
2.3. the recovery period
2.4. Hydration
2.5. Supplement use in sport
3. Food in athletes with pathological problems
3.1. Athletic performance and the effect f travelling in the athlete circadian rhythm
3.2. Sleep and physical exercise
3.3. Female athlete triad (including eating disorders, menstrual irregularities and premature osteoporosis)
Demonstration of the Syllabus Coherence with the Curricular Unit's Objectives:
The proposed contents go with the current training curriculum needs of the students of this Cycle, particularly with regard to the learning of the latest concepts of nutrition in sport, whether in individual sports, whether in team sports.
Teaching Methodologies (Including Evaluation):
Continuous evaluation (punctuality, interest, participation and work in classroom, 10%), written paper (70%) and a group work and the respective oral presentation (20%).
Demonstration of the Coherence between the Teaching Methodologies and the Learning Outcomes:
In unity "biological and nutritional Peculiarities of athletes", students should be able to identify the individual needs of athletes, according to the sport practiced and gender, putting into practice the concepts of depth physiology biochemical and food. And still should be able to analyze and interpret practical cases treated in class. In the unit "Food / Nutritional care in different types of sport", students should be able to distinguish the requirements of pre feeding, intra and post-competitive; be able to clearly identify the hydration benefits of the athletes and the use of supplements by athletes. And still argue orally, nutritional care of the competitive calendar of athletes. In the unit "Food in sports with pathological problems", students should be able to integrate the concepts applied in the previous teaching units and relate them to any typical pathologies of sport, considering the effect of travel in circadian rhythm of the athlete, the role of sleep in physical exercise and also the female athlete triad (including eating disorders, menstrual irregularities and early osteoporosis) in sports performance. It should also discuss practical situations, showing deep understanding of the unity of content and link them with practical solutions.
Reading:
- Silva, Maria-Raquel G. 2015. Alimentação na Ginástica: de Pais para Filhos. Lisboa: Federação de Ginástica de Portugal/ Instituto Português do Desporto e da Juventude I.P. ISBN: 978-989-8650-53-5.
- Silva, Maria-Raquel G.; Paiva, Teresa. 2015. Sono, Nutrição, Ritmo Circadiano, Jet Lag e Desempenho Desportivo. Lisboa: Federação de Ginástica de Portugal/ Instituto Português do Desporto e da Juventude I.P. ISBN: 978-989-8650-54-2.
- Silva M-RG, Paiva T. 2015. Low energy availability and low body fat of female gymnasts before an international competition, European Journal of Sport Science;15: 591-9. DOI:10.1080/17461391.2014.969323.
- Silva M-RG, Paiva T. 2015. Poor precompetitive sleep habits, nutrients' deficiencies, inappropriate body composition and athletic performance in elite gymna