Curricular Unit:Code:
History of Contemporary Architecture145HAC
Year:Level:Course:Credits:
2MasterArchitecture and Urbanism6 ects
Learning Period:Language of Instruction:Total Hours:
Winter SemesterPortuguese/English78
Learning Outcomes of the Curricular Unit:
Students should be able to:
-put historical and architectural analysis in perspective as an objectly justified form of opinion.
-identify the relationship between circumstances, agents, theoretical principia and architectural realizations;
-apprehend and differentiate the dialectic links between international and Portuguese movements;
-read from a given architectural example a certain set of spatial, technical and formal characteristics and situate them/it within the synchronic and diachronic context of modern architecture.
Syllabus:
1.Introduction
1.1.content and approach options
2.Modern Movement
2.1.“modern”-the concept and its historical dimension
2.2.the conceptual cluster on the root of the movement
2.3.Modern Movement I
2.3.1. Bauhaus/Corbusier
2.3.2. International Style
2.4. conservative critique
2.5. Modern Movement II
2.5.1.Brutalism
2.5.2.Structural Expressionism
2.5.3."1st American minimalism"
3.alternative paths to the Modern Movement
3.1.exterior path–Frank Lloyd Wright
3.2.outward routes from within
3.2.1.Alvar Aalto
3.2.2.Louis Kahn
3.2.3.Team X and radical trends of the 1960s
3.3.exterior path – Carlo Scarpa
4.Post-Modernism
4.1."Pop" Post-Modernism
4.2.revival trends
4.3.Rationalists
5.Rework of the Modern and the contemporary period
5.1.Neo-Modernism/Deconstructivism
5.2.Minimalism/Hi-Tech
5.3.contemporary trends
6.Portuguese situation
6.1.from “1st modernism” to “Português Suave”
6.2.outspoken modernism and its critical revision
6.3.SAAL, Post-Mod
6.4.contemporary
Demonstration of the Syllabus Coherence with the Curricular Unit's Objectives:
The syllabus presented covers the essential areas of knowledge and is consistent with the propposed objectives, as the topics included in the program, from discussing the concept of modernity to acknowledging the historical dimension of modern architecture, as a result of evolving (and regionally different) contexts, resulting on several trends and their transformation. That will enable students to form a critical approach to modern architecture, viewing it as intrinsically historical, and to form an interpretative framework of contemporary phenomena.
Teaching Methodologies (Including Evaluation):
The unit will be subject to expositive, descriptive and demonstrative methodologies, on theoretical and theoretical-practical sessions in order to present information that aims at forming a broad interpretative framework of the history of modern and contemporary architecture, and thus develop a critical approach.
To pass this course the students will need to meet the contact ECTS defined. Students will need to comply with the required attendance, particularly sessions defined as theoretical-practical, corresponding to moments of formal evaluation and discussion of the assignments.
The pace and quality with which students achieve the learning goals will be verified through a process of continuous assessment, by their contribution in class, and measured through a paper and a written test.
The final grade results from the work leading up to the paper (assessed by 4 evaluation moments: two exploratory presentations, the paper and its final oral presentation) and by the test
Demonstration of the Coherence between the Teaching Methodologies and the Learning Outcomes:
The proposed methodologies strive to bring in accordance the teaching practices and the evaluation methods with the learning objectives defined, on the goal of developing a critical and analytical conscience of modern architecture. Lectures rely on contextual characterization of architectural periods and illustrate it by specific building analysis. Evaluation balances formal assessment through a written test (even so, designed to inquire on conceptual understanding rather than factual memorization) with individual case-studying, paired with the development of autonomous learning skills, and those involved in written and oral communication of research.
Reading:
[1] ALMEIDA, P. V. (2002). Arquitectura no Estado Novo – uma leitura crítica. Lisboa: Livros Horizonte.
[2] CURTIS, W. J. R. (1982). Modern Architecture since 1900. Oxford: Phaidon Press.
[3] FERNANDES, J. M. (2003). Português Suave: arquitecturas do Estado Novo. Lisboa: Ministério da Cultura e IPPA.
[4] FERNANDEZ, S. (1988). Percurso - arquitectura portuguesa, 1930-74. Porto: FAUP.
[5] FRAMPTON, K. (1993). História crítica de la arquitectura moderna. Barcelona: Gustavo Gili.
[6] GÖSSEL, P.; LEUTHÄUSER, G. (1996). Arquitectura no Séc. XX. Colónia: Taschen.
[7] JENCKS, C. (1989). Arquitectura Internacional: últimas tendências. Barcelona: Gustavo Gili.
[8] KLOTZ, H. (1988). The history of postmodern architecture. Cambridge: MIT Press.
[9] PORTAS, N.; MENDES, M. (1991). Portogallo: Architettura, gli ultimi vent’anni. Milão: Electa.