Curricular Unit:Code:
Orthodontics II841OTD2
Year:Level:Course:Credits:
4MasterDentistry4 ects
Learning Period:Language of Instruction:Total Hours:
Spring SemesterPortuguese/English52
Learning Outcomes of the Curricular Unit:
Upon completion of the this course students will be able to:
1.- understand the normal growth and development of the craniofacial components and recognize deviations from the normal pattern in the individual;
2.- recognize the morphology and physiology of the temporomandibular joint, chewing muscles, neuromuscular functioning and biomechanics of the stomatognathic system;
3.- know the features of the main types of malocclusion, in the point of view of the aetiology, symptoms, integrated diagnosis, treatment and prognosis in relation to age and types of orthodontic appliances;
4.- interpret the orthodontic records and the complementary information given from imaging tests that are needed for orthodontic diagnosis.
Syllabus:
Theoretical course:
A.- Growth and development of the craniofacial complex
B.- Physiology and functions of the stomatognathic system
C.- Clinical diagnosis
D.- Malocclusions
Demonstration of the Syllabus Coherence with the Curricular Unit's Objectives:
To achieve the learning outcomes of this course, the student should attend theoretical and practical teaching classes, which are complementary.
The program integrates orthodontics in the context of general dental medicine, enabling the student to know the phenomena related to craniofacial growth and occlusion anomalies. It allows the acquisition of knowledge, skills and attitudes that enable the student to perform a complete diagnosis of the cases and to recognise the normal and abnormal situations at each moment of the development of the craniofacial complex, which may support appropriate clinical decisions and procedures.
Teaching Methodologies (Including Evaluation):
The theoretical program has a workload of 15 hours, divided into four areas: Growth and development of the craniofacial complex (5 hours), Physiology and functions of the stomatognathic system (2 hours), Clinical diagnosis (2 hours) and Occlusion anomalies (7 hours).
The practical program (laboratory) has a workload of 15 hours and tutoring orientation (7,5h). In the practical classes the students are divided into several groups, always having a teacher responsible for implementing active forms of teaching and encouraging the development of students skills.
The theoretical component will have an evaluation at the end of the semester.
The laboratory component will have four evaluations during the semester.
Demonstration of the Coherence between the Teaching Methodologies and the Learning Outcomes:
The teaching methodologies include lectures for each specific topic and aim to provide knowledge about the growth and development of the craniofacial complex, highlighting the main major events to orthodontics, as well as the transmission of the essential knowledge to the recognition of different forms of malocclusion. The practical classes with a small number of students allow the development of communication and group work skills. The teacher acts as a facilitator to the activity of the groups, ensuring the participation of each student.
Reading:
- Proffit, W., Fields, H., Larson, B., Sarver, D. (2018) Contemporary Orthodontics. 6th edition. Mosby Elsevier. St. Louis, Missouri, USA.
- Graber, L., Vanarsdall, R., Vig, K., Huang, G. (2016). Orthodontics. 6th edition. Mosby Elsevier. St. Louis, Missouri, USA.
- Viazis A. (1998). Atlas of Advanced Orthodontics. Elsevier Health Sciences. London, United Kingdom.
- Enlow, H., Hans G. (1996). Essentials of Facial Growth. WB Saunders. Philadelphia, USA.
- Moyers, R. (1988). Handbook of Orthodontics. 4th edition. Year Book Medical Publishers. Chicago, USA.