Curricular Unit:Code:
History and Epistemology of Medical Sciences841HECM
1MasterDentistry3 ects
Learning Period:Language of Instruction:Total Hours:
Winter SemesterPortuguese/English39
Learning Outcomes of the Curricular Unit:
Acquisition of knowledge on the evolution of medical activity along the civilizations and concepts of health and disease in populations.
Paradigms of the epistemology of medical sciences
Part I - The archeology of Medicine: from genesis to consolidation
1. Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt
2. Medicine in Ancient Greece: Hippocrates made school
3. Greek prestige in Rome
4. The Middle Age(s): Arab world and Christian world
5. Medical Universities and dissection
6. The Renaissance: Migration of Diseases and drugs
Part II - Medical Sciences in Contemporary Age
1. Medicine and therapeutics in the 19th and 20th centuries:
2. The evolution of vaccination: from discovery to the present
3. Origins, development and applications of antibiotics
4. Viruses and other infectious agents
5. Radiology in Medical Sciences
Demonstration of the Syllabus Coherence with the Curricular Unit's Objectives:
Acquisition of knowledge on the evolution of medical activity along the civilizations and concepts of health and disease in populations: from the evolution of the medical profession in Ancient Greece, the developments in surgery in the Roman Empire, until the 19th century developments in anesthesia and pharmacology.
Teaching Methodologies (Including Evaluation):
Final Test and Exam.
Demonstration of the Coherence between the Teaching Methodologies and the Learning Outcomes:
Description of the themes of evolution of mentalities , the concept of health and disease, with the analysis and description of the main figures in the history of medical science over humanity. Exemplification of clinical cases and the most prevalent diseases that decimated humanity.
CARWRIGHT, Frederick F. e BIDDISS, Michael (2003), As Doenças e a História, Mem Martins: Europa-América.
FREDE, Michael (2006), "Philosophy and Medicine in Antiquity", Human Nature and Natural Knowledge, UPC, pp 211-232.
GARCÍA BALLESTER, Luis (2004), “Galen and Galenism Theory and Medical Practice From Antiquity to the European Renaissance”, Early Science and Medicine, 9 (4):362-363.
MICHELI-SERRA, Alfredo de (2004), “Algunos enfoques epistemológicos en medicina”, Gaceta Médica de México, vol. 104, nº 5, pp. 557-561.
POPPER, K.R. (1959), The Logic of Scientific Discovery, Hutchinson, London.
SOARES M. L. C. (1999), Hipócrates e a Arte da Medicina. Lisboa : Colibri.
SOURNIA, Jean-Charles (1992), História da Medicina. Lisboa: Instituto Piaget.
Lecturer (* Responsible):
Maria José Sá (
Vítor Teixeira (