|Embryology, Histology and Cytology||841EHCT|
|Learning Period:||Language of Instruction:||Total Hours:|
|Learning Outcomes of the Curricular Unit:|
|The main goals of this curricular unit (CU) are: 1) justify the importance of studying embryology, histology and cytology in the academic training of a dentist; 2) understand the morphology in a functional perspective; 3) provide the fundamentals for critical interpretation concerning histopathology and cytopathology.|
|Basic tissues: epithelial, connective (proper connective tissue, adipose tissue, cartilage tissue, bone tissue, blood tissue), muscle and nervous. Lymphoid system: general characteristics and histological organization (lymphoid tissues and nodules, primary and secondary lymphoid organs). Cardiovascular system: general characteristics and organization. Respiratory system: general characteristics and histological organization (trachea, bronchi, bronchioles and alveoli. Skin and appendages: structure and functions. Oral mucosa: histological organization; structural changes (lining, mastigatory, specialized), structure and function. Salivary glands; major salivary glands. Digestive system: general organization of the digestive tract. Histophysiology of the esophagus, stomach, small intestine and large intestine.|
Fundamentals of human embryology: gametogenesis and general embryonic development - 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th week.
|Demonstration of the Syllabus Coherence with the Curricular Unit's Objectives:|
|Fundamental and basic knowledge will be presented for for each subject and discussion will be promoted. |
Particular emphasis will be given to the important structure-function relationship, considering both cellular and tissue level. It is intended to provide medical knowledge foundations and favouring the development of skills related observation, interpretation and the best application of the acquired knowledge.
|Teaching Methodologies (Including Evaluation):|
|The CU has 5 ECTS: 30 contact hours in Theoretical-Practical Component (TPC), 30 hours in Practical Component (PC), 7,5 hours in Tutorial Orientation (OT) and 7,5 hours in Other (O).|
TPC consists on expository lessons of the topics defined in syllabus. The PC consists of observation and interpretation of histological images related to the contents of the CTP.
The assessment is continuous. In TPC, there will be 2 written assessments (100%). In PC: 2 written assessments (90%) and weekly assessments (10%). In the last week, the student can request (24 hours after knowing their classification of the 2nd PC test) another PC written assessment, which will include all the contents covered and will replace the 2 previous PL written assessment.
OT/ O aims to guide the study and the management of the student's teaching time - the use of bibliography and the development of scientific research methods is promoted.
Final classification of the UC: 75% TPC and 25% PC.
|Demonstration of the Coherence between the Teaching Methodologies and the Learning Outcomes:|
|In TC classes the syllabus will be taught using the support of multimedia devices. The theoretical lesson (PowerPoint version) is made available before its lecture. The students also have access to a document, prepared by the teachers, Prof Doutora Teresa Sequeira & Pof Doutor Carlos Palmeira (Study Manual) where, for each lesson they can find: i) the objectives clearly identified in each subject, ii) the detailed summary and iii) and a set of questions on that subject to guide their study, which is intended to be more autonomous. Relevant theoretical concepts will be exposed in the classroom. Discussion based on "problem issues" will be promoted. These different teaching approaches, aim to develop the student’s ability to create their own model of learning, adapted to each programmatic topic. The PC is structured according to TC and consists of a weekly lecture. At the beginning of the semester a document (Practical Lesson Guide) - elaborated by the team - is made available, which contains, for each lesson, the objectives to be reached as well as the indication of all the images that will be studied in each lesson. Every week a self-evaluation sheet is also provided, which is corrected in the following practical lesson. Given the characteristics of the course, students will be encouraged to develop a continuous study - using recommended sites, embryology and histology textbook and atlas available at Fernando Pessoa University - in order to stimulate self-learning. The Tutorial Orientation (OT) sessions consist of guidance sessions for students, enabling them to properly use the bibliography, to develop scientific research methods focused on the syllabus topics. Scientific reading favouring the contact with scientific nomenclature will be promoted. The development of judgment skills needed for scientific review, will be considered. Other (O) are free sessions designed to enable the student to clarify scientific methodologies used in presentation of research results. Periodic meetings will be held with the teachers of the practical component in order to monitor and promote constant articulation between the components.|
|• Gartner, LP. Textbook of Histology 5th ed, Elsevier, 2020.|
• Kierszenbaum & Tres Histology & Cell Biology: An Introduction to Pathology. 5th ed, Saunders, 2019.
• Pawlina & Ross. Histology: A Text and Atlas: With ... Biology. 8th ed, LW&W, 2018.
• Mescher, A. Junqueira’s Basic Histology: Text and Atlas. 16th ed, McGraw-Hill Medical, 2021.
• Sadler TW. Langman’s Medical Embryology. 14th ed, LW&W, 2018.
Outros recursos disponibilizados no Canvas:
• Todas as aulas lecionadas na CTP (português e inglês),
•Manual de Docência /Study Guide – elaborado pelos Professores da CTP: para além dos sumários detalhados, contem perguntas de orientação no estudo para cada tema abordado,
•Roteiro das Aulas Práticas / Practical Guidelines – elaborado pelos docentes da PL, contém a descrição dos objetivos para cada aula bem como a identificação das laminas histológicas a estudar em cada aula.