Curricular Unit:Code:
Skills: Legal Medicine and Toxicology780PMLT
2UndergraduateCriminology6 ects
Learning Period:Language of Instruction:Total Hours:
Learning Outcomes of the Curricular Unit:
The objective of this curricular unit is to provide students of Criminology with general knowledge about the role of Forensic Medicine and other forensic sciences, as well as theoretical and practical knowledge related to specific areas of Forensic Pathology and Forensic Toxicology. It is intended to provide the student with the skills to apply the knowledge and understanding skills acquired in the analysis and resolution of medical-legal problems encountered in the exercise of their professional activity. It is also intended that the student develops scientific and critical thinking and acquires skills that allow the updating and progress in the scientific field and its practical application.
Portuguese forensic medical organization. Types of forensic medical expertises and scope. Forensic Pathology. General procedures of a medico legal autopsy. Pathophysiology of death. Pathology of wounds. Autopsy in settings of natural death, sudden death, mechanical asphyxias, submersion, deaths associated with stab wounds and gunshot deaths. Types and classification of injuries. Presentation of cases. Forensic toxicology. Types of intoxication. Classification of toxic compounds. Pharmacokinetics, Toxicokinetics and Necrokinetics. Toxicological investigation. Collection, preservation and handling of samples. Chain of custody. Toxicological analysis and interpretation of findings. Toxic substances: Ethanol, Drugs of abuse and others. Portuguese legislation concerning driving under the influence of alcohol and psychotropic substances.
Demonstration of the Syllabus Coherence with the Curricular Unit's Objectives:
The syllabus is consistent with the objectives aimed at acquisition of segmented and oriented concepts and specific areas of application of forensic sciences by encouraging the development of critical thinking and the student ability to apply knowledge acquired in performing medico-legal skills and for resolving medical-legal issues. The constant request of practical nature activities help to fulfill the the goals established.
Teaching Methodologies (Including Evaluation):
The teaching methods are theoretical-practical classes, including (1) explanation and debate of relevant theoretical concepts; (2) demonstration of the practical application of those concepts; and (3) guidance of autonomous study by the students, consulting the recommended references.
The assessment consists of two written tests (one on Forensic Pathology and one on Forensic Toxicology) worth 50% of the final grade each.
Demonstration of the Coherence between the Teaching Methodologies and the Learning Outcomes:
The teaching methodologies are consistent with the objectives of the course as they seek to provide students with knowledge related to specific areas of Forensic Pathology and Toxicology with regard to its scope, objectives and mode of conducting skills. With the resolution of practical cases it is intended that students develop critical thinking and reflective skills to acquire and upgrade and progress in science and its practical application. In addition to essential reading listed herewith, each topic will be accompanied by specific recommended readings in order to engage in a debate and discussion enabling a throughout comprehension of the matters and formation of a critical approach. The written tests allows for an assessment of the extent to which the objectives were achieved.
Ricardo Jorge Dinis-Oliveira, Maria de Lourdes Bastos, Félix Dias Carvalho (Eds), Toxicologia Forense, Pactor, 2015.
Curtis D. Klaassen (Ed.), Casarett and Doull’s Toxicology: The Basic Science of Poisons, Ninth Edition, McGraw-Hill, 2019.
Levine, B., Principles of Forensic Toxicology. American Association for Clinical Chemistry, USA, 2003.
Maria de Fátima Terra Pinheiro (Ed.) CSI Criminal, Edições Universidade Fernando Pessoa, 2008. ISBN: 9789896430030
Pekka Saukko, Bernard Knight. Knight's Forensic Pathology, 4th Edition, CRC Press, 2015.
Calabuig, J.A.Gisbert, Medicina Legal y Toxicologia, 6ª ed, Masson, 2004.
Di Maio VJM, Dana SE; Manual de Patología Forense, Trad. Concheiro L, Diaz de Santos, Madrid, 2003