Curricular Unit:Code:
Theory of State and Public Administration777TEAD
Year:Level:Course:Credits:
2UndergraduatePolitical Science and International Relations6 ects
Learning Period:Language of Instruction:Total Hours:
Winter SemesterPortuguese/English78
Learning Outcomes of the Curricular Unit:
(i) Acquiring a multifaceted view of the theory and the history of the State;
(ii) To problematize the currents of thought, doctrines and experiences of the State over time;
(iii) To distinguish classical approaches from the most contemporary approaches to State Theory;
(iv) To provide complementary bibliography that corresponds to the individual and professional interests of the students;
(v) To encourage oral participation, by sharing individual interests and by making texts available for discussion.
(vi) To develop the application of acquired theoretical and practical knowledge;
(vii) To promote individual and group research capacity.
Syllabus:
Part I - The Ethical State: genesis of political thought
1. The historical evolution of the State
1.1. The State in Classical Antiquity
1.2. From feudal State to modern State in the medieval West
1.3. The modern State in Europe: National Monarchies
2. Theories, types and forms of state legitimization
2.1. Divine right of kings: Absolute Monarchies vs. Parliamentary Monarchies
2.2. Natural state
2.3. Social contract
2.4. Rational-legal authority
2.5. The rule of Law
2.6. The welfare state
Part II - Theory and Constitutional Forms of State
1. State, rights and forms of power (19th-20th centuries).
1.1. The separation of powers (the inheritance of Ch. Montesquieu)
1.2. The struggle between Freedom and Equality
1.3. Revolution and State
1.4. The modern bureaucratic state: Max Weber
2. Contemporary approaches to State study
2.1. Pluralism
2.2. Marxism
2.3. Institutionalism
3. State and international system.
Demonstration of the Syllabus Coherence with the Curricular Unit's Objectives:
The syllabus include the study of the State phenomena, from its origin, formation, structure, organization, operation and its purposes, systematizing the historical, philosophical, sociological, political realization that conditioned their implementation. The UC also aims to analyze the metamorphosis of the state since the proto-state forms in Classical Antiquity to the Welfare State in the 20th century, with the backdrop of the theory of the forms of state over time.
Teaching Methodologies (Including Evaluation):
Continuous assessment or exam
Being a theoretical curricular unit, the lectures, complemented with the performance of each student, materialized in the accomplishment and presentation of reading and recommended bibliographic research. Two written tests (50% + 50%)
The final score may be increased by the practical research work on one of the issues of the discipline, and the attendance with active oral participation in class up to 20% of the note of the average rating of the written tests.
Demonstration of the Coherence between the Teaching Methodologies and the Learning Outcomes:
The teaching methodology is based on lectures and practical classes of analysis and interpretation of texts about copyright issues and topics covered. Students will be assessed by continuous assessment and the final classification result of weighting the partial classifications of evaluation elements, materialized in research and presentation of research in the classroom. The failure on continuous assessment automatically refers the student to the final exam.
Reading:
Browning, G. (2016). A History of Modern Political Thought. Oxford University Press.
Claramunt, C. O. (2009). El Estado Del Bienestar: Objetivos, Modelos y Teorias Explicativas. Edições Académicas.
Freitas, Judite A. G. de (2012). O Estado em Portugal (séculos XII-XVI). Modernidades medievais, Lisboa: Alêtheia.
Heywood, A. (2015). Political Theory. An introduction. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Januário, R. e Gameiro, A. (2017). Da Política. Análise de Direito Constitucional, Ciência Política e Teoria Geral do Estado, Lisboa: Edições Cosmos.
Morrow, J. (2006). History of Western Political Thought. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Pinto, R. L.; Correia, J. de M. & Seara, F. R. (2009). Ciência política e direito constitucional: teoria geral do Estado, formas de governo, eleições e partidos políticos. 4ª ed., Lisboa : Universidade Lusíada.
Weber, M. (2005). Economia e Sociedade. Fundamentos da Sociologia Compreensiva. 2 vols., UNB.