Curricular Unit:Code:
Crisis, Reconstruction and Development1143CRD
1MasterHumanitarian Action, Cooperation and Development6 ects
Learning Period:Language of Instruction:Total Hours:
Spring SemesterPortuguese/English78
Learning Outcomes of the Curricular Unit:
(i) To be able to apply knowledge and skills by showing a critical and autonomous approach to the key-topics of humanitarian action.
(ii) To show skills to obtain, select and make an interpretation of relevant information, in order to be able to base solutions and judgements.
(iii) To develop a critical and autonomous thinking.
(iv) To develop skills in order to enter in a process of long learning life with high levels of autonomy.
(v) To be able to analyse specific NGOD interventions.
1. Debates on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: 1.1. Framing the debate according to a global South epistemology; 1.2. Universality vs. cultural particularities and their impact on the Declaration of Human Rigths; 1.3. The "false neutrals": relevance of gender in humanitarian interventions; 1.4. Relevance of an intersectional approach; 1.5. The role of religions in conflicts and in reconstruction.
2. Critical analysis of NGOD: 2.1. Potentialities, risks, stereotypes in/of NGOD; 2.2. Reconstruction from the point of view of a global and a local epistemology of the South; 2.3. "Can the subaltern speak?" 2.4. Case studies: Visions of human rights and of development existing in NGOD.
Demonstration of the Syllabus Coherence with the Curricular Unit's Objectives:
This subject provides students with fundamental knowledge in the field of humanitarian action, as well as in the field of NGOD operating in this domain. This enables the understanding of the need for a cultural translation, contributes to the discussion on the change of paradigms framing the humanitarian action and enables the students to work from within grounded knowledge on the problems of humanitarian. This knowledge can be applied both to academic research and to field working in humanitarian action.
Teaching Methodologies (Including Evaluation):
Teaching methodology will include theoretical lecturing, research, reading and discussion of specific book references, as well as thematic debating and critical reflection. Assessment will be continuous and based on an individual theoretical test in which the professor will provide a text and will put questions about the topics of the text in relationship with the topics of chapter 1 (40%), a review of a text searched by the students about the echoes of the thoughts of the “must” authors presented during classes (30%) and a team report (2/3 students) about a current situation of crisis (20%). This work will be presented during classes and delivered as a written report. Those team works will match the second chapter of the syllabus. The participation of the students in the execution of theoretical and practical tasks in the classroom, and in the participation in scientific activities such as seminars and conferences being held at the University corresponds to 10% of the final grade.
Demonstration of the Coherence between the Teaching Methodologies and the Learning Outcomes:
Explanation of the problematic underlying humanitarian action, namely in its relationship with the universal value of Human Rights, of the debates around this universality and proposals that try to reconcile human rights with respect for cultural expressions of respect for human dignity (relevance of the notion of “cultural translation”). Framing the international organizations of humanitarian action in the thematic of human rights. Critical presentation of the plus and minus of these organizations. The students will choose a case study. This task aims to enable the students to analyse the mission and intervention of a NGOD according to the theoretical instruments discussed during classes. The guided reading of bibliography and documentation is meant not only to inform but also to train interpretative competences. The presentation of cases of humanitarian action in the framework of international organisations will illustrate theory with cases and problems emerging from ground work. Group debates in class will enable a grounded critical view on humanitarian action in the political context. The assessments will register a grounded theoretical approach to the topics developed during the semester.
Crenshaw K. (1989)‘Demarginalizing the Intersection of Race and Sex: A Black Feminist Critique of Antidiscrimination Doctrine, Feminist Theory and Antiracist Politics’. Univ.Chicago Legal Forum 140:139-167.
Haaland,H.;Wallevik(2019).Beyond crisis management?The Role of Citizen Initiatives for Global Solidarity in humanitarian aid:the case of Levos. Third World Quarterly 40(10) pp. 1869-1883
Heintze, H. J.e Thielbörger,P.(2018).International Humanitarian Action. Bochum: Springer
Pannikar, R.(1982).Is the notion of Human Rights a Western Concept?Diogenes, 120(30), pp. 75-102
Said, E. (2019).Orientalism.London,Penguin Books.
Spivak,G.C. (1994),“Can the Subaltern Speak?”. Williams.P& Chrisman,L. (ed.),Colonial Discourse and Post-Colonial Theory.A Reader.Harlow:Longman.
Toldy,T.;Garraio, J.(2020),Gender Ideology: A Discourse That Threatens Gender Equality. In Filho, W. L. (org.). Gender Equality. Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals, Springer International Publishing, 1-11.