Curricular Unit:Code:
Topography and Cartography145TPFT
2MasterArchitecture and Urbanism5 ects
Learning Period:Language of Instruction:Total Hours:
Spring SemesterPortuguese/English65
Learning Outcomes of the Curricular Unit:
The main scope is to provide the future professional of the knowledge to understand the topographic technical area in order to be able to plan, monitor and apply topographic surveys.
1. Essential concepts
1.1. Scope of Topography
1.2. Geodesy and Cartography
1.3. Reference systems
2. Studying the map
2.1. Topographic plans
2.2. Planimetry
2.4. Longitudinal profiles
2.5. Measuring distances
2.6. Determination of areas
2.7. Determination of volumes
3. Topographic net
3.1. Rectangular coordinates
3.2. Triangulation and intersections
3.3. Polygonal
4. Non-classical ways of observation
4.1. Photogrammetry
4.1.1. Essencial concepts and applications
4.2. Global Positioning System (GPS)
4.2.1. Principle of satellite positioning
4.2.2. Errors that influences the system precision
1. Leveling
1.1. Geometrical leveling
1.1.1. Simple and Compound leveling
1.1.2. Precision of a leveling
1.1.3. Practical methods to eliminate errors
1.1.4. Examples
1.2. Trigonometric leveling and observation errors
1.3. The level
2. Topographic survey
2.1. Equipment
2.1.1. Measuring angles
2.1.2. Measuring distances
2.2. Survey by irradiation
2.3. The total station
Demonstration of the Syllabus Coherence with the Curricular Unit's Objectives:
With the scope of preparing students in the field of surveying the theoretical and practical concepts are addressed: analyzing a topographic plan, interpretation of a topographic network and understanding of systems such as GPS and photogrammetry.
In terms of the practical component a leveling and a topographic surveying are carried out allowing the students to have contact with equipment used in surveying.
Teaching Methodologies (Including Evaluation):
Two written tests (T1 and T2) without consultation about all the program.
T = T1 (0,50) + T2 (0,50)
-A practical work (TrP), in groups of 2 or 3 elements, delivered at the end of the semester.
-A written test (TeP)
TP = TrP (0,70) + TeP (0,30)
The final mark is given in a scale between 0 and 20 to the theoretical part and a in a scale between 0 and 20 to the practical part.
At the practical part there isn't the possibility to do final exam.
Demonstration of the Coherence between the Teaching Methodologies and the Learning Outcomes:
It is intended to provide the students of the theoretical-practical knowledge doing academic exercises but always based in real scenarios. The practical component gives the students the possibility of being in contact with the techniques and with the topographic equipment in a real survey.
[1] Casaca, João M.; Matos, João L.; Baio, J. Miguel. (2005). Topografia Geral. Lidel Edições Técnicas Lda. 5a Edição.
[2] Gonçalves, José Alberto; Madeira, Sérgio; Sousa, J. João. (2008). Topografia Conceitos e Aplicações. Lidel Edições Técnicas Lda.
[3] Sousa Cruz, J.J. e Redweik, P. M. – Manual do Engenheiro Topógrafo - Vol. I e II, Editor Pedro Ferreira, Rio de Mouro.
[4] Apontamentos da disciplina de Topografia - Faculdade de Engenharia da Universidade do Porto.
Lecturer (* Responsible):
Ana Alves Ribeiro (